Yet, even though geography blessed them with advantages over the more primitive hunter-gatherer peoples’ of Australia, their development somehow stalled. In the final parts of the book, Diamond attempts to use geographical and naturalistic explanations for the rise of Europe over that of other Eurasian regions. Biological relatives of the horse, including zebras and onagers proved untameable; and although African elephants can be tamed, it is very difficult to breed them in captivity;   Diamond describes the small number of domesticated species 14 out of “candidates” as an instance of the Anna Karenina principle: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal part four. However, the periods of apparent decline did not spell the end of the civilization and indeed through periods Egypt sometimes bounced back to become dominant once more over the region. That is, civilization is not created out of superior intelligence, but is the result of a chain of developments, each made possible by certain preconditions.
Only a few broad mountain valleys were capable of supporting dense populations of people and there was a restricted altitude range where intensive food production could occur. It was not proximate or small-scale decisions that led to the rise of regional dominance of Europe in areas of technology, political organisation, health and so forth. This leads me to a second critique. Natives succumb passively to their fate. Basically the idea goes that if a conducive environment 17 http: In the final parts of the book, Diamond attempts to use geographical and naturalistic explanations for the rise of Europe over that of other Eurasian regions. Bradford DeLong June 6,
Thus if you happen to be born outside Eurasia, chances are you’ll be considerably poorer thess worse off because of the long-history of geographical disadvantage. In andthe author published new Wteel editions that included information collected since the previous editions.
Journal of the Royal African Society. Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: On a more positive note, the book has several merits. What are the primary theses of Guns, Germs, and Steel book?
Eurasian grains were richer in protein, easier to sow, and easier to store than American maize or tropical bananas. The Nile basin experiences a considerable amount of variability from year to year in terms of how often it floods and thus impacted the fortunes of the civilization Due to the Anna Karenina principlesurprisingly few animals are suitable for domestication. It is as simple as that. How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.
Thoughts on Jared Diamond’s theory: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Justin Berg on Prezi
This leads me to a second critique. However, since Europe and its political and physical geography allowed sufficiently good connections between each viamonds, the flow of ideas and innovation were not hindered such as in other continents and places of the world.
Retrieved January 2, He notes in the foreward and multiple times inside the book itself that race had absolutely nothing to do with anything. Archived from the original on May 27, Thhesis rise of nonfarming specialists such as craftsmen and scribes accelerated economic growth and technological progress.
Many human phenomena and characteristics — such as behaviors, beliefs, economies, genes, incomes, life expectancies, and other things — are influenced both by geographic factors and by non-geographic factors. The people of the Andes apparently could not share resources with those further north, neither could the MesoAmericans from the denizens of the American south-west and south-east.
For Diamond, neither Africa or the Americas provided such a geographic opportunity and there were far more impediments diamobds place in such regions.
Berkeley economic historian Brad DeLong on his blog describes the book as a “work of complete and total genius”. There was a bunch of special pleading and some downright nuttiness.
Yali asked, using the local term ” cargo ” for inventions and manufactured goods, “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own? Also important to the transition from hunter-gatherer to city-dwelling agrarian societies diamonfs the presence of ‘large’ domesticable animals, raised for meat, work, and long-distance communication.
It has been argued that hunting and gathering represents an adaptive strategywhich may still be exploited, if necessary, when environmental change causes extreme food stress for agriculturalists. Entries Thhesis and Comment Feed. I aim to show that while geography is important, it is not necessarily the deciding factor as to how powerful, 1 http: It is most definitely not historical racism, whatever twist in meaning one applies to the definition of that term.
For example, Jared states that the isolation of Australia and its climate resulted in the native peoples’ deciding not to take up agriculture. Is this a historical accident, or geographically predetermined, as Jared Diamond sugges Threats posed by immediate neighbours ensured governments that suppressed economic and technological progress soon corrected their mistakes or were outcompeted relatively quickly, whilst the region’s leading powers changed over time.
Institute of Historical Research.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
It is cultural differences which impact the use of which resources end up becoming important, and something which Diamond neglects. Jared Diamond on Geography as Power”.
There is only one world history, and he tries to make sense diajonds it in a narrative fashion. No geographic or environmental feature of Rastenburg ordained that the bomb would only wound Hitler.
Jared Diamond’s Methodological Approach Diamond’s approach is to adopt the methodology used by scientists who specialise in the field of inferring facts from historical events.